Tlacaelel Remembered

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Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN 13 : 0806157666
Total Pages : 233 pages
Book Rating : 4.8/5 (615 download)

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Book Synopsis Tlacaelel Remembered by : Susan Schroeder

Download or read book Tlacaelel Remembered written by Susan Schroeder and published by University of Oklahoma Press. This book was released on 2016-11-16 with total page 233 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The enigmatic and powerful Tlacaelel (1398–1487), wrote annalist Chimalpahin, was “the beginning and origin” of the Mexica monarchy in fifteenth-century Mesoamerica. Brother of the first Moteuczoma, Tlacaelel would become “the most powerful, feared, and esteemed man of all that the world had seen up to that time.” But this outsize figure of Aztec history has also long been shrouded in mystery. In Tlacaelel Remembered, the first biography of the Mexica nobleman, Susan Schroeder searches out the truth about his life and legacy. A century after Tlacaelel’s death, in the wake of the conquistadors, Spaniards and natives recorded the customs, histories, and language of the Nahua, or Aztec, people. Three of these chroniclers—fray Diego Durán, don Hernando Alvarado Tezozomoc, and especially don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin—wrote of Tlacaelel. But the inaccessibility of Chimalpahin’s annals has meant that for centuries of Aztec history, Tlacaelel has appeared, if at all, as a myth. Working from Chimalpahin’s newly available writings and exploring connections and variances in other source materials, Schroeder draws the clearest possible portrait of Tlacaelel, revealing him as the architect of the Aztec empire’s political power and its military might—a politician on par with Machiavelli. As the advisor to five Mexica rulers, Tlacaelel shaped the organization of the Mexica state and broadened the reach of its empire—feats typically accomplished with the spread of warfare, human sacrifice, and cannibalism. In the annals, he is considered the “second king” to the rulers who built the empire, and is given the title “Cihuacoatl,” used for the office of president and judge. As Schroeder traces Tlacaelel through the annals, she also examines how his story was transmitted and transformed in later histories. The resulting work is the most complete and comprehensive account ever given of this significant figure in Mesoamerican history.

Tlacaelel Remembered

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Author :
Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN 13 : 0806157658
Total Pages : 232 pages
Book Rating : 4.8/5 (615 download)

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Book Synopsis Tlacaelel Remembered by : Susan Schroeder

Download or read book Tlacaelel Remembered written by Susan Schroeder and published by University of Oklahoma Press. This book was released on 2016-11-16 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The enigmatic and powerful Tlacaelel (1398–1487), wrote annalist Chimalpahin, was “the beginning and origin” of the Mexica monarchy in fifteenth-century Mesoamerica. Brother of the first Moteuczoma, Tlacaelel would become “the most powerful, feared, and esteemed man of all that the world had seen up to that time.” But this outsize figure of Aztec history has also long been shrouded in mystery. In Tlacaelel Remembered, the first biography of the Mexica nobleman, Susan Schroeder searches out the truth about his life and legacy. A century after Tlacaelel’s death, in the wake of the conquistadors, Spaniards and natives recorded the customs, histories, and language of the Nahua, or Aztec, people. Three of these chroniclers—fray Diego Durán, don Hernando Alvarado Tezozomoc, and especially don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin—wrote of Tlacaelel. But the inaccessibility of Chimalpahin’s annals has meant that for centuries of Aztec history, Tlacaelel has appeared, if at all, as a myth. Working from Chimalpahin’s newly available writings and exploring connections and variances in other source materials, Schroeder draws the clearest possible portrait of Tlacaelel, revealing him as the architect of the Aztec empire’s political power and its military might—a politician on par with Machiavelli. As the advisor to five Mexica rulers, Tlacaelel shaped the organization of the Mexica state and broadened the reach of its empire—feats typically accomplished with the spread of warfare, human sacrifice, and cannibalism. In the annals, he is considered the “second king” to the rulers who built the empire, and is given the title “Cihuacoatl,” used for the office of president and judge. As Schroeder traces Tlacaelel through the annals, she also examines how his story was transmitted and transformed in later histories. The resulting work is the most complete and comprehensive account ever given of this significant figure in Mesoamerican history.

Fifth Sun

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Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
ISBN 13 : 0190673079
Total Pages : 336 pages
Book Rating : 4.1/5 (67 download)

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Book Synopsis Fifth Sun by : Camilla Townsend

Download or read book Fifth Sun written by Camilla Townsend and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2019-10-04 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In November 1519, Hernando Cortés walked along a causeway leading to the capital of the Aztec kingdom and came face to face with Moctezuma. That story--and the story of what happened afterwards--has been told many times, but always following the narrative offered by the Spaniards. After all, we have been taught, it was the Europeans who held the pens. But the Native Americans were intrigued by the Roman alphabet and, unbeknownst to the newcomers, they used it to write detailed histories in their own language of Nahuatl. Until recently, these sources remained obscure, only partially translated, and rarely consulted by scholars. For the first time, in Fifth Sun, the history of the Aztecs is offered in all its complexity based solely on the texts written by the indigenous people themselves. Camilla Townsend presents an accessible and humanized depiction of these native Mexicans, rather than seeing them as the exotic, bloody figures of European stereotypes. The conquest, in this work, is neither an apocalyptic moment, nor an origin story launching Mexicans into existence. The Mexica people had a history of their own long before the Europeans arrived and did not simply capitulate to Spanish culture and colonization. Instead, they realigned their political allegiances, accommodated new obligations, adopted new technologies, and endured. This engaging revisionist history of the Aztecs, told through their own words, explores the experience of a once-powerful people facing the trauma of conquest and finding ways to survive, offering an empathetic interpretation for experts and non-specialists alike.

The Fifteenth Month

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Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN 13 : 0806164115
Total Pages : 265 pages
Book Rating : 4.8/5 (616 download)

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Book Synopsis The Fifteenth Month by : John F. Schwaller

Download or read book The Fifteenth Month written by John F. Schwaller and published by University of Oklahoma Press. This book was released on 2019-05-02 with total page 265 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Mexica (Aztecs) used a solar calendar made up of eighteen months, with each month dedicated to a specific god in their pantheon and celebrated with a different set of rituals. Panquetzaliztli, the fifteenth month, dedicated to the national god Huitzilopochtli (Hummingbird on the Left), was significant for its proximity to the winter solstice, and for the fact that it marked the beginning of the season of warfare. In The Fifteenth Month, John F. Schwaller offers a detailed look at how the celebrations of Panquetzaliztli changed over time and what these changes reveal about the history of the Aztecs. Drawing on a variety of sources, Schwaller deduces that prior to the rise of the Mexica in 1427, an earlier version of the month was dedicated to the god Tezcatlipoca (Smoking Mirror), a war and trickster god. The Mexica shifted the dedication to their god, developed a series of ceremonies—including long-distance running and human sacrifice—that would associate him with the sun, and changed the emphasis of the celebration from warfare alone to a combination of trade and warfare, since merchants played a significant role in Mexica statecraft. Further investigation shows how the resulting festival commemorated several important moments in Mexica history, how it came to include ceremonies associated with the winter solstice, and how it reflected a calendar reform implemented shortly before the arrival of the Spanish. Focused on one of the most important months in the Mexica year, Schwaller’s work marks a new methodology in which traditional sources for Mexica culture, rather than being interrogated for their specific content, are read for their insights into the historical development of the people. Just as Christmas re-creates the historic act of the birth of Jesus for Christians, so, The Fifteenth Month suggests, Panquetzaliztli was a symbolic re-creation of events from Mexica myths and history.

World History through Case Studies

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Author :
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN 13 : 1350042625
Total Pages : 304 pages
Book Rating : 4.3/5 (4 download)

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Book Synopsis World History through Case Studies by : Dave Eaton

Download or read book World History through Case Studies written by Dave Eaton and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2019-09-19 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This innovative textbook demystifies the subject of world history through a diverse range of case studies. Each chapter looks at an event, person, or place commonly included in comprehensive textbooks, from prehistory to the present and from across the globe – from the Kennewick Man to gladiators and modern-day soccer and globalization – and digs deeper, examining why historians disagree on the subject and why their debates remain relevant today. By taking the approach of 'unwrapping the textbook,' David Eaton reveals how historians think, making it clear that the past is not nearly as tidy as most textbooks suggest. Provocative questions like whether ancient Greece was shaped by contact with Egypt provide an entry point into how history professors may sharply disagree on even basic narratives, and how historical interpretations can be influenced by contemporary concerns. By illuminating these historiographical debates, and linking them to key skills required by historians, World History through Case Studies shows how the study of history is relevant to a new generation of students and teachers.

The Cambridge History of War: Volume 2, War and the Medieval World

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Author :
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
ISBN 13 : 1108901190
Total Pages : pages
Book Rating : 4.1/5 (89 download)

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Book Synopsis The Cambridge History of War: Volume 2, War and the Medieval World by : David A. Graff

Download or read book The Cambridge History of War: Volume 2, War and the Medieval World written by David A. Graff and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2020-09-30 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Volume II of The Cambridge History of War covers what in Europe is commonly called 'the Middle Ages'. It includes all of the well-known themes of European warfare, from the migrations of the Germanic peoples and the Vikings through the Reconquista, the Crusades and the age of chivalry, to the development of state-controlled gunpowder-wielding armies and the urban militias of the later middle ages; yet its scope is world-wide, ranging across Eurasia and the Americas to trace the interregional connections formed by the great Arab conquests and the expansion of Islam, the migrations of horse nomads such as the Avars and the Turks, the formation of the vast Mongol Empire, and the spread of new technologies – including gunpowder and the earliest firearms – by land and sea.

Recovering Lost Footprints, Volume 2

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Author :
Publisher : SUNY Press
ISBN 13 : 1438472595
Total Pages : 394 pages
Book Rating : 4.4/5 (847 download)

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Book Synopsis Recovering Lost Footprints, Volume 2 by : Arturo Arias

Download or read book Recovering Lost Footprints, Volume 2 written by Arturo Arias and published by SUNY Press. This book was released on 2018-12-01 with total page 394 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Analyzes contemporary Yucatecan and Chiapanecan Maya narratives. Recovering Lost Footprints, Volume 2 is an in-depth analysis of the sociohistorical conflict impacting Indigenous communities in Latin America. Continuing the project he began in volume 1, Arturo Arias analyzes contemporary Peninsular and Chiapanecan Maya narratives. He examines the works of Yucatecan writers Jorge Cocom Pech, Javier Gómez Navarrete, Isaac Carrillo Can, and Marisol Ceh Moo. For Chiapas, Arias looks at the works of Tseltal novelist Diego Méndez Guzmán, Tsotsil short-story writer Nicolás Huet Bautista, and Tseltal narrative writer Josías López Gómez. Arias problematizes the nature of Western modernity and the crisis of Western models of development in the present. By way of his analysis, he suggests that we are facing a historical impasse because we have neglected native knowledges that offer alternative codes of ethics and beingness that emerge from Indigenous cosmovisions. The text skillfully contributes to and strengthens debates between US-centered and Latin American cultural studies theorists, as well as the hemispheric expansion of Native American and Indigenous Studies. Recovering Lost Footprints, Volume 2 is inspired more by the past as it impinges upon a continuing, constantly expanding present. Arias’s reading of Maya literatures forces us to reconsider the space-time structure of Western thinking. Indeed, this book is intriguing precisely because it views literature from an Indigenous perspective, evidencing how that social space is full of multiple contrasting experiences and historical processes. “By drawing attention to the articulation between the contemporary literary production and its relationship to Mayan cosmovision in a broad sense, and focusing on the different traditions preserved through diverse languages and customs, this rich, comprehensive overview offers glimpses of a very different worldview.” — Cynthia Margarita Tompkins, author of Affectual Erasure: Representations of Indigenous Peoples in Argentine Cinema

The Codex Mexicanus

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Publisher : University of Texas Press
ISBN 13 : 1477316752
Total Pages : pages
Book Rating : 4.4/5 (731 download)

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Book Synopsis The Codex Mexicanus by : Lori Boornazian Diel

Download or read book The Codex Mexicanus written by Lori Boornazian Diel and published by University of Texas Press. This book was released on 2018-12-12 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Some sixty years after the Spanish conquest of Mexico, a group of Nahua intellectuals in Mexico City set about compiling an extensive book of miscellanea, which was recorded in pictorial form with alphabetic texts in Nahuatl clarifying some imagery or adding new information altogether. This manuscript, known as the Codex Mexicanus, includes records pertaining to the Aztec and Christian calendars, European medical astrology, a genealogy of the Tenochca royal house, and an annals history of pre-conquest Tenochtitlan and early colonial Mexico City, among other topics. Though filled with intriguing information, the Mexicanus has long defied a comprehensive scholarly analysis, surely due to its disparate contents. In this pathfinding volume, Lori Boornazian Diel presents the first thorough study of the entire Codex Mexicanus that considers its varied contents in a holistic manner. She provides an authoritative reading of the Mexicanus’s contents and explains what its creation and use reveal about native reactions to and negotiations of colonial rule in Mexico City. Diel makes sense of the codex by revealing how its miscellaneous contents find counterparts in Spanish books called Reportorios de los tiempos. Based on the medieval almanac tradition, Reportorios contain vast assortments of information related to the issue of time, as does the Mexicanus. Diel masterfully demonstrates that, just as Reportorios were used as guides to living in early modern Spain, likewise the Codex Mexicanus provided its Nahua audience a guide to living in colonial New Spain.

Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest

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Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
ISBN 13 : 0197537316
Total Pages : pages
Book Rating : 4.1/5 (753 download)

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Book Synopsis Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest by : Matthew Restall

Download or read book Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest written by Matthew Restall and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2021-04-13 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An update of a popular work that takes on the myths of the Spanish Conquest of the Americas, featuring a new afterword. Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest reveals how the Spanish invasions in the Americas have been conceived and presented, misrepresented and misunderstood, in the five centuries since Columbus first crossed the Atlantic. This book is a unique and provocative synthesis of ideas and themes that were for generations debated or perpetuated without question in academic and popular circles. The 2003 edition became the foundation stone of a scholarly turn since called The New Conquest History. Each of the book's seven chapters describes one "myth," or one aspect of the Conquest that has been distorted or misrepresented, examines its roots, and explodes its fallacies and misconceptions. Using a wide array of primary and secondary sources, written in a scholarly but readable style, Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest explains why Columbus did not set out to prove the world was round, the conquistadors were not soldiers, the native Americans did not take them for gods, Cortés did not have a unique vision of conquest procedure, and handfuls of vastly outnumbered Spaniards did not bring down great empires with stunning rapidity. Conquest realities were more complex--and far more fascinating--than conventional histories have related, and they featured a more diverse cast of protagonists-Spanish, Native American, and African. This updated edition of a key event in the history of the Americas critically examines the book's arguments, how they have held up, and why they prompted the rise of a New Conquest History.

Religion in Sixteenth-Century Mexico

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Author :
Publisher :
ISBN 13 : 1316518388
Total Pages : 415 pages
Book Rating : 4.3/5 (651 download)

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Book Synopsis Religion in Sixteenth-Century Mexico by : Cheryl Claassen

Download or read book Religion in Sixteenth-Century Mexico written by Cheryl Claassen and published by . This book was released on 2022-02-10 with total page 415 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Detailed comparison of Aztec and Spanish religious devotion, examining the melding of practices during the first century of contact 1519-1600.

The Cambridge History of the Pacific Ocean

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
ISBN 13 : 1108245536
Total Pages : 1049 pages
Book Rating : 4.1/5 (824 download)

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Book Synopsis The Cambridge History of the Pacific Ocean by : Anne Perez Hattori

Download or read book The Cambridge History of the Pacific Ocean written by Anne Perez Hattori and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2022-12-31 with total page 1049 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Volume II of The Cambridge History of the Pacific Ocean focuses on the latest era of Pacific history, examining the period from 1800 to the present day. This volume discusses advances and emerging trends in the historiography of the colonial era, before outlining the main themes of the twentieth century when the idea of a Pacific-centred century emerged. It concludes by exploring how history and the past inform preparations for the emerging challenges of the future. These essays emphasise the importance of understanding how the postcolonial period shaped the modern Pacific and its historians.

The History of the Indies of New Spain

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Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN 13 : 9780806126494
Total Pages : 730 pages
Book Rating : 4.1/5 (649 download)

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Book Synopsis The History of the Indies of New Spain by : Diego Durán

Download or read book The History of the Indies of New Spain written by Diego Durán and published by University of Oklahoma Press. This book was released on 1994 with total page 730 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An unabridged translation of a 16th century Dominican friar's history of the Aztec world before the Spanish conquest, based on a now-lost Nahuatl chronicle and interviews with Aztec informants. Duran traces the history of the Aztecs from their mythic origins to the destruction of the empire, and describes the court life of the elite, the common people, and life in times of flood, drought, and war. Includes an introduction and annotations providing background on recent studies of colonial Mexico, and 62 b&w illustrations from the original manuscript. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

Warlords of Ancient Mexico

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Author :
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
ISBN 13 : 1632201798
Total Pages : 508 pages
Book Rating : 4.6/5 (22 download)

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Book Synopsis Warlords of Ancient Mexico by : Peter G. Tsouras

Download or read book Warlords of Ancient Mexico written by Peter G. Tsouras and published by Simon and Schuster. This book was released on 2014-09-02 with total page 508 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: More than thirteen centuries of incredible spellbinding history are detailed in this intriguing study of the rulers and warriors of Mexico. Learn the unbelievable true history of the Indigenous tribes of Mexico. Dozens of charismatic leaders of nations and armies are brought to life by the deep research and entertaining storytelling of Peter Tsouras. Tsouras introduces the reader to the colossal personalities of the period: Smoking Frog, the Mexican Machiavelli, the Poet Warlord, the Lion of Anahuac, and others . . . all of them warlords who shaped one of the most significant regions in world history, men who influenced the civilization of half a continent. The warlords of Mexico, for all their fascinating lives and momentous acts, have been largely ignored by writers and historians, but here that disappointing record is put right by a range of detailed biographies that entertain as they inform. Students of the area, historians working in American history, and long-term visitors and tourists to the region will gain a much clearer understanding of the background history of these territories and the men who formed and reformed them. Lavishly illustrated with dozens of photographs and color paintings, Warlords of Ancient Mexico is essential reading for anyone interested in this tumultuous, endlessly captivating period of North American history.

The Luck of Huemac

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Author :
Publisher : Random House Incorporated
ISBN 13 :
Total Pages : 696 pages
Book Rating : 4.:/5 (435 download)

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Book Synopsis The Luck of Huemac by : Daniel Peters

Download or read book The Luck of Huemac written by Daniel Peters and published by Random House Incorporated. This book was released on 1981 with total page 696 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Spanning a century of Aztec history, this account documents the rise and fall of the Aztec civilization by focusing on three powerful men, particularly Huemac, who faces the marauding Spaniards led by Cortez

The Greenhill Dictionary of Military Quotations

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Publisher : Greenhill Books
ISBN 13 : 178438478X
Total Pages : 576 pages
Book Rating : 4.7/5 (438 download)

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Book Synopsis The Greenhill Dictionary of Military Quotations by : Peter G. Tsouras

Download or read book The Greenhill Dictionary of Military Quotations written by Peter G. Tsouras and published by Greenhill Books. This book was released on 2020-05-18 with total page 576 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A massive compilation casting light not only upon the pain, suffering and sheer insanity of war, but also upon the unique comradeship and exhilaration of battle... this is a valuable addition to the literature of reference.' - The Spectator Peter Tsouras brings 4,000 years of military history to life through the words of more than 800 soldiers, commanders, military theorists and commentators on war. Quotes by diverse personalities – Napoleon, Machiavelli, Atatürk, 'Che' Guevara, Rommel, Julius Caesar, Wellington, Xenophon, Crazy Horse, Wallenstein, T.E. Lawrence, Saladin, Zhukov, Eisenhower and many more – sit side by side to build a comprehensive picture of war across the ages. Broken down into more then 480 categories, covering courage, danger, failure, leadership, luck, military intelligence, tactics, training, guerrilla warfare and victory, this definitive guide draws on the collected wisdom of those who have experienced war at every level. From the brutality and suffering of war, to the courage and camaraderie of soldiers, to the glory and exhilaration of battle, these quotes offer an insight into the turbulent history of warfare and the lives and deeds of great warriors.

Under the Fifth Sun: A Novel of Pancho Villa

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Author :
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN 13 : 0393343723
Total Pages : 640 pages
Book Rating : 4.3/5 (334 download)

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Book Synopsis Under the Fifth Sun: A Novel of Pancho Villa by : Earl Shorris

Download or read book Under the Fifth Sun: A Novel of Pancho Villa written by Earl Shorris and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 2012-01-09 with total page 640 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is a work of great scope, a powerful illumination of an enigmatic figure. Told from the point of view of an ancient shaman, this is the dark and mystical story of Mexico's greatest revolutionary general, Pancho Villa. Shedding the Hollywood mantle of the drunken, womanizing bandit-turned-hero, the Villa who comes to life in this extraordinary novel is part man and part myth, part visionary hoodlum and part brilliant general. A troubled childhood--marked by his father's early death in the fields and his sister's rape by a local landowner--and a prophetic dream propel young Villa through a period of lawlessness and drifting and into life as a military leader. The story moves convincingly through the events of Villa's life, showing him to be a man of fierce passions and moral conviction, a natural leader for the rebellion.

Montezuma

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Author :
Publisher : Potomac Books, Inc.
ISBN 13 : 1612340652
Total Pages : 159 pages
Book Rating : 4.6/5 (234 download)

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Book Synopsis Montezuma by : Peter G. Tsouras

Download or read book Montezuma written by Peter G. Tsouras and published by Potomac Books, Inc.. This book was released on 2014-05-27 with total page 159 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Places Aztec civilization and history in the context of world history Montezuma (ca. 1466-1520), who had been educated as a priest and had served well as a military commander, ascended to the Aztec throne in about 1502 on the basis of his military record and reputation for piety. As Peter G. Tsouras demonstrates, almost immediately Montezuma transformed himself from a man of good judgment to a pitiless autocrat. He killed indiscriminately at home and waged wars of conquest against his neighbors, adding territory in contemporary Honduras and Nicaragua to his empire. In 1519, Hernán Cortés arrived in Mexico at the head of a Spanish expedition. Montezuma believed the invaders to be gods fulfilling the prophecy that the god Quetzalcoatl would return. He failed to resist and cautiously offered gifts. As a result, Cortés and the conquistadors marched on the capital and seized Montezuma. The monarch fell, surrendering his power, wealth, and even the sovereignty of his people, almost gladly. He became a puppet of the Spaniards and finally allied himself in battle against his own people. When the emperor's brother at last led an uprising, the ungrateful Spaniards killed Montezuma. Against the backdrop of ancient Mexico's rich cultural heritage, Tsouras captures the tragedy that befell Mexico during Montezuma's reign.